One State, Two State. Which One? - by Kelsey

One State, Two State. Which One?

by Kelsey

The same land has been claimed between the Israelis and the Palestinians, and that has created great conflict. The Palestinians claim they should have the land because they make up most of the population. The Israelis believe that the land was given to them by God.  Two different solutions to this problem have been proposed. They are the one-state solution and the two-state solution. The one-state solution is where there would be a binational state in which the rights of the Jews and the Palestinians would be equal. The state would be all of the Land of Israel, and it would not be divided. The two-state solution is where there would be two states with one for each group. There would be the establishment of a separate Palestinian state alongside Israel.

I believe that if one solution should be chosen over the other then it should be the two-state solution. The two-state solution lets Israelis and Palestinians live peacefully beside each other and not harm one another. It allows both to respect and leave each other alone. Another reason I think the two state solution would work is because it would not sacrifice the Jewish identity of Israel. Israel could not be the nation state of the Jewish people without the two-state solution.

The two-state solution allows the Israelis and the Palestinians to live beside each other, but in separate states so it would create a kind of mutual respect between them. Each would have their own flag, national anthem, and government. They both need to be able to live in their own space. Each should have the ability to follow their own religion, customs, and dress how they believe is appropriate without having it create an argument. The two-state solution would resolve the problem of fighting over the land and with each other.

The second reason I believe in the two-state solution being the only solution is because it does not sacrifice the Jewish identity of Israel. If there was to be one state, Israelis would slowly be forced out of the land by the Palestinians because they have a greater population. They would try to take more and more land from the Israeli Jews with their faster growing population. Without the two-state solution, there would be no future for Israel being the nation state of the Jewish people. The two-state solution does not offer the idea of the Jewish identity of Israel being sacrificed, and it provides each group their own land for their nation to develop and population to grow.

As I have stated my argument, I conclude that the two-state solution replenishes both the Israelis and the Palestinians with their needs for their own nation, while remaining in the same area. It allows each to follow their own religion and other customs without an argument. It also keeps the Jewish identity of Israel, and it will keep the growing population of the Palestinians from stealing land from the Israeli Jews. With the two-state solution, Israelis and Palestinians will be able to live next to each other with a sort of mutual respect, but will not harm one or another.

File:West Bank & Gaza Map 2007 (Settlements).png


Benjamin Netanyahu, MSc, Prime Minister of Israel, June 14, 2009"Address by PM Netanyahu at Bar-Ilan University,"

George Mitchell, JD, attorney and former US Senator (D-ME), "George J. Mitchell Commencement Address," June 9, 2003

Asher Susser, “Why the Only Solution is the Two-State Solution,” October 29, 2012

Public Domain Picture of Two State Solution Map, HowardMorland, January 12, 2009

Georgia and CC Standards

SS7H2 The student will analyze continuity and change in Southwest Asia (Middle East) leading to the 21st century.

  • b. Explain the historical reasons for the establishment of the modern State of Israel in 1948; include the Jewish religious connection to the land, the Holocaust, anti-Semitism, and Zionism in Europe.

  • c. Describe how land and religion are reasons for continuing conflicts in the Middle East.

L6-8RH1 Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources.